International Widows' day 2017

PADES Celebrates the International Widows’ Day.

The topic for 2017 is ‘’Invisible Women, Invisible Problems’’

Absent in statistics, unnoticed by researchers, neglected by national and local authorities and mostly overlooked by civil society organizations – the situation of widows is dramatic and, in effect, invisible.

Once widowed, women in many countries often confront a denial of inheritance and land rights, degrading and life-threatening mourning and burial rites and other forms of widow abuse.

Widows are often evicted from their homes and physically abused – some even killed – even by members of their own family. In many countries, a woman’s social status is inextricably linked to her husband’s, so that when her husband dies, a woman no longer has a place in society. To regain social status, widows are expected to marry one of their husband’s male relatives, sometimes unwillingly. For many, the loss of a husband is only the first trauma in a long-term ordeal.

In many countries, widowhood is stigmatized and seen as a source of shame. Widows are thought to be cursed in some cultures and are even associated with witchcraft. Such misconceptions can lead to widows being ostracized, abused and worse.

The children of widows are often affected, both emotionally and economically. Widowed mothers, now supporting their families alone, are forced to withdraw children from school and to rely on their labour. Moreover, the daughters of widows may suffer multiple deprivations, increasing their vulnerability to abuse.

Such cruelties are often seen as justified in terms of cultural or religious practice. Impunity for abuses of the rights of widows is rife, with few perpetrators ever successfully brought to justice. Even in countries where legal protection is more inclusive, widows can suffer social marginalization.

Towards progress for widows

International Widows Day is an opportunity for action towards achieving full rights and recognition for widows – too long invisible, uncounted and ignored. A dearth of reliable hard data remains one of the major obstacles to developing the policies and programmes to address the poverty, violence and discrimination suffered by widows. There is a need for more research and statistics disaggregated by marital status, sex and age, in order to help reveal the incidence of widow abuse and illustrate the situation of widows.

Furthermore, Governments should take action to uphold their commitments to ensure the rights of widows as enshrined in international law, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Even when national laws exist to protect the rights of widows, weaknesses in the judicial systems of many States compromise how widows’ rights are defended in practice and should be addressed. Lack of awareness and discrimination by judicial officials can cause widows to avoid turning to the justice system to seek reparations.

Programmes and policies for ending violence against widows and their children, poverty alleviation, education and other support to widows of all ages also need to be undertaken, including in the context of action plans to accelerate achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

In post-conflict situations, widows should be brought in to participate fully in peacebuilding and reconciliation processes to ensure that they contribute to sustainable peace and security.

Empowering widows through access to adequate healthcare, education, decent work, full participation in decision-making and public life, and lives free of violence and abuse, would give them a chance to build a secure life after bereavement. Importantly, creating opportunities for widows can also help to protect their children and avoid the cycle of inter-generational poverty and deprivation.

EBOLA VIRUS OUTBREAK IN LIKATI, DR CONGO

In a statement released on Friday, May 12th, the World Health Organization (WHO) said that it had been informed by the Minister of Public Health of the DRC, Dr. Oly Ilunga Kalenga, of the outbreak of the disease of Ebola  Virus in the health zone of Likati, in the province of Bas-Uélé.

From five blood samples taken from suspected cases and analyzed at the INRB (National Institute for Biomedical Research), one was positive for Ebola virus, serotype Zaire by RT-PCR," said Minister of Health in a correspondence addressed to the WHO Representative in the DRC.

In its message published on Thursday, the Minister of Health said that since 22 April 2017, from nine cases of hemorrhagic fever, two deaths have been reported to Likati.

"Our country is facing the epidemic of the Ebola virus, which is a public health emergency of international concern," noted Dr. Oly Ilunga.

He also said that the Ministry of Health had "taken all necessary measures to respond promptly and effectively to this new epidemic of the Ebola virus".

According to the WHO, the Congolese minister has asked for his "support" to "strengthen the response to this epidemic".

WHO says it works "in close collaboration with all national and provincial authorities, as well as with the support of the Regional Office (AFRO), Headquarters (Geneva) and all other partners to facilitate the deployment of protection materials and field staff in order to strengthen epidemiological surveillance and control the epidemic very quickly.

To prevent Ebola Virus, please use the WHO clinical care for survivors of Ebola virus desease guide

Source: Radio Okapi

Abidjan International Trade and Industry Fair

Abidjan International Trade and Industry Fair - FICIA will be held from 11 to 13 May at the Radisson Blu Hotel Abidjan Airport.

Any member of the African Development Club (CAD) is invited as a visitor. An exhibition and a business forum are planned during these 3 days. You will find the program of the conferences and the various workshops detailed on www.ficia.ci or on  the  Abidjan International Trade and Industry Fair - FICIA web page.

LABOUR INTERNATIONAL DAY

PADES is celebrating the International Labour Day

PADES says YES to LABOUR but NO to Children LABOUR !

POVERTY IN A RISING AFRICA

STORY HIGHLIGHTS :
  • A new World Bank report shows that poverty in Africa may be lower than current estimates suggest and no systematic increase in inequality, given the available data
  • Challenges remain substantial: more people are poor today than in 1990, two in five adults are still illiterate, and violence is on the rise
  • Improving the coverage, comparability and quality of poverty and inequality data in Africa will be equally important

Poverty across the continent may be lower than what current estimates suggest, though the number of people living in extreme poverty has grown substantially since 1990, according to the latest World Bank Africa poverty report.

Poverty in a Rising Africa, the first of two upcoming reports on poverty in Africa, documents the data challenges facing the region and reviews the status of Africa’s poverty and inequality, both monetary and nonmonetary, taking these data challenges into account.

“The main messages which emerge from this effort to assess poverty in Africa are both encouraging and sobering,” said Kathleen Beegle, World Bank program leader and co-author of the report. “Although the data show that the share of the African population in extreme poverty did decline, major poverty challenges still remain, especially in light of the region’s rapid population growth.”

According to latest World Bank estimates, the share of Africans who are poor fell from 56% in 1990 to 43% in 2012. The report argues that the poverty rate may have declined even more if the quality and comparability of the underlying data are taken into consideration. However, because of population growth many more people are poor, the report says. The most optimistic scenario shows about 330 million poor in 2012, up from about 280 million in 1990. Poverty reduction has been slowest in fragile countries, the report notes, and rural areas remain much poorer, although the urban-rural gap has narrowed.

Other key findings of the report are: 

  • Nonmonetary dimensions of poverty have been improving, but the challenges remain enormous. Compared with 1995, adult literacy rates are up by four percentage points and the gender gap is shrinking. Newborns can expect to live six years longer and the prevalence of chronic malnutrition among under five-year-olds is down six percentage points to 39%. At the same time, despite substantial improvement in school enrollment, the quality of schooling is often low and more than two in five adults are still illiterate. Reinvigorating Africa’s primary educational achievements is urgent. Paradoxically, citizens in resource-rich countries have worse outcomes in human welfare indicators, conditional on income. This findings underscores that while economic growth is critical for poverty reduction, it is not sufficient.
  • The picture on African inequality is complex. Seven of the 10 most unequal countries in the world are in Africa, most of them in southern Africa. Excluding these countries and controlling for GDP levels, inequality is not higher in Africa than elsewhere in the world. The household survey data do not reveal a systematic increase in inequality across countries in Africa. But the number of extremely wealthy Africans is increasing. Differences between urban and rural areas and across regions are large. Intergenerational mobility in education and occupation has improved, but remains low. 

The report concludes with a plea to strengthen Africa’s poverty data.While the availability, comparability and quality of data to track non-monetary poverty has improved, in2012,25 of Sub-Saharan Africa’s 48 countries had conducted at least two household surveysoverthe past decade to track monetary poverty, and many of these surveys are not comparable over time. On October 15, the World Bank and its partners announced stronger support to complete household-level surveys every three years in the world’s poorest countries, including several in Africa, to address huge data gaps that have previously stunted poverty-fighting efforts.

“Better data will make for better decisions and better lives,” said Luc Christiaensen, World Bank lead economist and co-author of the report. “It is not just about quantity, the quality of the data also matters. The report offers examples of missed opportunities when surveys are not conducted with quality standards. Maintaining and accelerating the momentum of progress of the past two decades requires collective efforts.”

TO DOWNLOAD THE FULL REPORT : https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/22575/9781464807237.pdf?sequence=10&isAllowed=y

Source: World Bank:http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/afr/publication/poverty-rising-africa-poverty-report